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What Is Backward Design8 min read

Aug 11, 2022 6 min

What Is Backward Design8 min read

Reading Time: 6 minutes

Backward design is a pedagogical approach to curriculum development and lesson planning. The approach starts with the end in mind and works backwards, designing lessons and learning experiences that will help students reach the desired outcome.

The backward design approach is based on three principles:

1. Clarifying desired outcomes

2. Designing around essential learning tasks

3. Using assessment to drive instruction

1. Clarifying desired outcomes

The first step in backward design is to clarify the desired outcomes for the lesson or unit. What do you want your students to learn? What skills and knowledge do you want them to demonstrate? Once you have a clear understanding of the desired outcomes, you can begin to design the learning experiences that will help students reach those goals.

2. Designing around essential learning tasks

The next step in backward design is to design learning tasks that are essential to achieving the desired outcomes. These tasks should be scaffolded so that students can gradually build their skills and knowledge. They should also be aligned with the standards or learning objectives you are targeting.

3. Using assessment to drive instruction

The final step in backward design is to use assessment to determine whether students are mastering the essential learning tasks. This information can then be used to adjust instruction and help students reach the desired outcomes.

What is the meaning of backward design?

What is the meaning of backward design?

Backward design is a process of curriculum planning that starts with the desired learning outcomes and works backward to determine the most effective ways to achieve those outcomes. It is also known as backwards planning or backwards design model.

The main goal of backward design is to create a curriculum that is well-aligned with the desired learning outcomes. This approach helps to ensure that students are actually learning what they are supposed to learn, and not just completing a set of tasks.

Backward design begins by identifying the desired learning outcomes for a unit or course. These outcomes can be anything from mastering a specific skill or concept to demonstrating a certain level of proficiency.

Once the learning outcomes are identified, the next step is to determine the best way to achieve those outcomes. This may involve selecting specific instructional methods or activities, choosing specific content, or setting specific learning goals.

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Finally, the last step is to create a timeline for the unit or course. This timeline will show when each step in the process should be completed, and it can be used to help ensure that the curriculum is well-organized and well-aligned.

Why is it called backwards design?

What is backwards design?

Backwards design is a problem-solving process for instructional design. It’s also sometimes called “problem-based learning” or “PBL.” The premise is simple: identify the desired outcome, and then work backwards to create the steps needed to achieve that outcome.

Why is it called backwards design?

The name comes from the fact that you’re working backwards from the goal. You start by identifying the desired outcome, and then work out the steps needed to achieve that outcome. This is in contrast to the more common design process, which starts with identifying the steps needed to achieve the desired outcome and then works out the desired outcome.

What are the 3 stages of backward design?

There are three stages of backward design: clarification, specification, and realization. The first step is clarification, which is identifying the desired outcome of the instruction. This can be done by asking what the students should be able to do or know as a result of instruction. The second step is specification, which is detailing how the desired outcome will be achieved. This includes the specific learning objectives and the methods that will be used to assess whether the objectives have been met. The last step is realization, which is putting the plan into action. This includes designing the instruction and assessment, as well as providing the necessary support materials.

What is backwards design in a lesson plan?

Backward design is a planning process used in teaching that begins by identifying the desired learning outcomes for a lesson or unit, and then works backwards to plan the steps necessary to achieve those outcomes. This approach is often used in subjects like math and science, where a specific set of skills or knowledge is required in order to complete a task or solve a problem.

Backward design begins by identifying the “big ideas” or essential concepts that students need to understand in order to achieve the desired outcomes. These might be specific skills, such as adding and subtracting fractions, or general knowledge, such as the scientific method. Once the big ideas have been identified, the next step is to plan how these will be taught and assessed. This might involve creating a sequence of lessons, designing specific activities, or creating tests or other assessment tools.

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The goal of backward design is to create lessons and units that are specifically tailored to help students learn the desired outcomes. This approach can be more time-consuming than traditional lesson planning, but it can also be more effective in helping students to understand and remember the material.

What are the benefits of backward design?

What is backward design?

Backward design is a problem-solving approach to instructional design. It starts by focusing on the desired outcome of a lesson or unit of study, and then works backward to create a plan that will help students achieve that outcome.

Why use backward design?

There are several benefits to using backward design in your classroom. Here are a few of the most important ones:

1. It helps you focus on the end goal.

When you’re using backward design, you always have the end goal in mind. This helps you create lessons and units that are more intentional and effective.

2. It helps you assess whether students have learned what you intended them to learn.

One of the key benefits of backward design is that it makes it easy to assess whether students have learned what you intended them to learn. This is because you start by identifying the goals of the lesson or unit, and then creating assessments that will test students on those goals.

3. It helps you better target instruction.

Backward design can also help you better target instruction. This is because it helps you focus on the specific skills and knowledge that students need to achieve the desired outcome.

4. It helps you create more effective lessons and units.

When you use backward design, you’re more likely to create lessons and units that are effective and engaging. This is because you start by identifying the goals of the lesson, and then work backwards to create a plan that will help students achieve those goals.

What is an example of backwards planning?

Backwards planning, also known as reverse planning, is a technique used to create a timeline for a project. This technique is often used in project management, but can be used for any goal-oriented activity. Backwards planning starts by imagining the end goal and then working backwards to create a timeline for each step needed to achieve that goal.

An example of backwards planning would be creating a timeline for a vacation. The end goal would be to arrive at the destination, so the first step would be to plan the travel dates. The next step would be to book the flights or travel arrangements. The next step would be to make a list of what needs to be packed and then pack. The final step would be to make any last-minute preparations, such as buying traveler’s checks or getting a visa.

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Backwards planning can also be used for less tangible goals, such as developing a business plan or writing a book. In each case, the end goal would be broken down into a series of smaller steps, and a timeline would be created for each step. This technique can be especially helpful for tasks that seem overwhelming or those that have a lot of unknowns.

Backwards planning can be a helpful tool for anyone who wants to achieve a goal. It can help to organize and simplify a task, and it can help to keep track of progress. By breaking a goal down into smaller steps, it is also possible to set realistic deadlines and stay on track.

Why is backward design effective?

Backward design, also known as backwards planning or design-from-end-goals, is a problem-solving approach that begins by identifying the goals of a project and then working backwards to create a plan of action that will achieve those goals. This approach is often considered to be more effective than starting with a detailed plan and then trying to make it fit the goals, as it allows for more flexibility and helps to ensure that the goals are actually achievable.

There are several reasons why backward design can be an effective problem-solving approach. First, it helps to ensure that the goals of the project are clear and specific. By beginning with the end goal in mind and working backwards, it is easier to avoid getting bogged down in details and losing sight of the big picture. Second, it allows for more flexibility and creativity in the planning process. By taking a step back and focusing on the goals first, it is easier to come up with innovative ways to achieve them. Third, it helps to ensure that the goals are actually achievable. By taking the time to plan out the steps needed to achieve the goals, it is less likely that something will be missed or that the goal will be impossible to reach.

Overall, backward design can be an effective problem-solving approach because it helps to ensure that the goals are clear and specific, flexible and creative, and achievable. It is an approach that can be used in a variety of situations, and it can be adapted to meet the needs of the individual project.